Why is Average not usually the right Mastery Level Calculation for Standards-Based Grading?
Q.Why isAveragenot usually the rightMastery Level CalculationforStandards-Based Grading?
A.In many cases, choosingAverageas yourMastery Level Calculationwill make it difficult or even impossible for students to achieve mastery. This is because anAverageis extremely sensitive to low early scores.
If you are interested in measuring the consistency of a student's performance over time,Medianis almost always a better choice.
Let's look at an example to illustrate whyAverageis rarely the best choice.
Imagine that you have aStandards-Based Gradebookusing the followingScale:
Both 3 and 4 areGreenbecause both indicate that the student has mastered theStandard. In other words, either score means that the student has met the learning goals that have been set for the Standard.
Now let's imagine you have a student, "Eric", who has scored as follows on the first three assessments in the class.
Eric started with low scores, which is perfectly normal for most Standards - if Eric had already mastered the Standard, he wouldn't need to be working on it.
However, though Eric met the Standard on his most recent assessment, Eric'sAverageis still a2- one point below mastery.
In this scenario, Eric would need to scorefifty-seven 3s in a rowin order to bring his average up to a2.95. In other words, he could meet the Standard fifty-six times in a row, but his Average would still say that he hadn't mastered the Standard.
Alternatively, Eric could reach an Average score of 3 by scoringthree 4s in a row- that is, he couldsurpassthe Standard twice, but his Average would still say he hadn'tmetthe Standard.
In fact, in order to earn an Average of3.95, Eric would need to score aboutone-hundred fifteen 4s in a row. That means Eric would need to surpass the Standard over a hundred times before his Averageshowedthat he'd surpassed the Standard.
In other words, with an Average, two poor performances need to be offset by dozens or hundreds of strong performances. Essentially, because of how the math works,Averages require students to demonstrate mastery from day one.
Unless that's what you really want, theMedianis a better measure of consistent performance. With aMedian, every scorebelowthe target score needs to be offset byone or two scores at or above the target score. In the example above, Eric would needtwo 3sto earn a Median of 3, orthree or four 4sto earn a Median of 4 (depending on rounding).
TheMedianstill has some weaknesses: for instance, if Eric had struggled through ten poor performances before achieving a breakthrough, he could demonstrate mastery nine times in a row before his Mastery Scoreshowedthat he'd mastered the Standard. But if you want your Mastery Scores to focus on consistency, A Median has all the advantages of an Average but none of the disadvantages.
If you're a School and District Edition customer looking for advice on Mastery Level Calculations, we'd be happy to help! Please reach out to your School Advisor via the Help menu in your PowerSchool Learning account.